Rubi Heritage

As I began researching our Rubi ancestry, I found the following statement in Fray Angelico Chavez’s book, Origins of New Mexico Families (1954 Edition) – A Genealogy of the Spanish Colonial Period:

Manuel Rubi, son of Don Antonio Rubin de Celis and Dona Mariana Maldonado, married Juana Gutierrez on April 6, 1798. They both were living at the Hacienda del Pajarito in 1803. This family was perhaps descended from Alonso Victores Rubin de Celis, who was Alcalde of Guadalupe del Paso and Commander of its Presidio from 1736-1747. The Priest who performed his wedding ceremony of Manuel Rubi and Juana Gutierrez was Fray Jose Pedro Rubi de celis, who came to Santa Fe for it and received permission from the secular pastor, hence,  he might have been the groom’s uncle or brother.”

Note: The key word in this quotation is that the Rubi family are perhaps descendants of the Rubin de Celis family.

The question of our Rubi ancestry remains unanswered.  Unfortunately, I have not been able to find definitive proof that will establish whether we are  descendants of the Rubin de Celis Family from Spain. I, along with other family members, must continue to search for the truth of our ancestry. 

Who is Captain Alsonso Victores Rubin de Celis?

My research led me to a Spanish officer by the name of Captain Alonso Victores Rubin de Celis. He was sent to the Southwest by the King of Spain. Captain Rubin de Celis has also been cited as being responsible for building most of the presidios throughout the southwest in the mid-1700’s. He was the Alcalde of the Guadalupe del Paso and Commander of its Presidio from 1736-1747.

Definition of Alcalde –  Alcalde is defined as the highest elected official in a municipality. In today’s terms, the Alcalde probably served as Mayor, Justice of the Peace, or Sheriff.

Read more about Captain Alonso Rubin de Celis. I found a few articles about him at the Texas State Historical Association (University of Texas Online)

The name of the articles are:

Who Is Marques de Rubi?

Marques de Rubi, under the direction of King Carlos III of Spain, surveyed the northern frontiers of New Spain for a 23 month period in the 1760’s. The purpose of this expedition was to inspect the existing presidios and make recommendations for reform. Rubi’s inspection of the northern frontier from the Gulf of California to Louisiana covered an estimated 7,600 miles.

Could the Marques de RUBI have been our ancestor?  Our research does indicate that he went to Mexico City and then back to Spain after he completed his expedition.

Read More about Marques de Rubi’s Expedition. There are numerous articles pertaining to his expedition at The University of Texas Online.

Search the Handbook of Texas Online

A Possible Connection?

I found the following recorded entries

25 May 1756
Joseph Antonio RUBIR, Apache of Belen married Maria Polonia ARAGON, I, Genizara of Belen, dau. of Luis Aragon & Rosalia Gonzales.   Testigos:   Raymundo Jojola & Francisco Fernandez.   Padrinos:   Juan Antonio & Maria Rosa.   M-11, 396.   Page 15 from “Matrimonios:   Isleta 1728–1846”   no transcriber is listed, from the collection of David Gonzales. (Courtesy of Clarissa Cosgrove)

” 25 May 1756, Joseph Antonio Rubir, single Apache genizaro of Belin, m. Maria Polonia Aragon, single Indian genizara of Belin, d/ Luis Aragon y Rosalia Gonzales. Test: Raymudo Jocola y Francisco Fernandez. Pat: Juan Antonio (no surname y Maria Rosa (no surname)”

Isleta Baptismal and Marriage Records of the Gallup, New Mexico Diocese

Definition of Genizaros: The name given to many non-Pueblo Indians who did not belong to any tribe. The had no tribal identity to any specific tribe. Therefore, they eventually were considered to be Hispanic.

Our Theory

Joseph Antonio Rubi(r) was married in 1756. This would make his birth date approximately 1736 (if we estimate his age at marriage to be 20 years old). Clearly, he could have been the son of Captain Alonso Rubin del Celis since de Celis  was indeed in the southwest between 1736-1747 as Alcalde of Guadalupe del Paso and Commander of its presidios.

  • If Joseph Antonio Rubi(r) had a son about 1757 (we added a year to the marriage date of 1756, and named him Antonio. This Antonio could possible have been the man that Fray Angelico Chavez refers to as Antonio Rubi (n) that married a woman by the name of Mariana Maldonado.

I have not been able to find any additional information about Joseph Antonio Rubi (r)
In a 1757 census for San Lorenzo Del Jaumave,  Mariana Maldonado is listed as a Widow, with two children, and 33 horses. The names of the children are not listed.

  • Next in line comes Manuel Rubin de Celis (son of Antonio and Mariana). We estimate that Manuel was born about 1775-1776 since he married Juana Gutierrez at Pajarito in 1798. Manuel and Juana Ruvi were documented (census record) as living at Pajarito in 1803.
  • The Isleta marriage records have an another entry of a young man by the name of Jose Maria Rubi. Jose Maria married Juana Ruiz in 1806.

    Jose Maria RUVI
    , son of unknown parents, married Juana RUIZ, dau. of Lorenzo Ruiz & Vibiana Ydalgo. Padrinos: Jose Antonio Chaves & Juana Chaves. M-49, 600. Page 78 from “Matrimonios: Isleta 1728–1846″ no transcriber is listed, from the collection of David Gonzales.  (Courtesy of Clarissa Cosgrove)

  • We subtracted 20 years from their marriage date of 1806, and estimated Jose Maria’s birth date to be about 1785-1786. Jose Maria could have been the younger brother of Manuel Rubin de Celis, and also the son of Antonio  and Mariana (Maldonado) Rubin de Celis

This theory may or may not prove to be accurate. To date, I have not been able to locate any documentation to support my belief that Jose Maria Rubi was the son of Antonio Rubi and Mariana Maldonado.  I will continue to search for Jose Maria Rubi’s parents, and hope that one day that I will find the proof needed to establish this connection. Then, and only then will I  be able to state that Our Rubi Family Tree originated with the Rubin de Celis Family of Spain.

4 thoughts on “Rubi Heritage

  1. Im doing my family genealogy, and discovered my 6 times great grandfather Josse Rubi de Celis born between 1657 and 1717 My last name is Salas but Iam begining to believe it changed through out the history of my family from Rubi de Celis to Salas. This is so interresting I cant wait to go further b

  2. In Spanish, the consonants B and V are pronounced exactly the same way under all conditions. This would explain the variant spellings of Rubí and Ruví, it would not be an uncommon mistake among rural folk with limited access to education (compare the variants of the last name “Cabeza de Vaca” to “Baca.)
    The letters B/V do have two variant pronunciations:
    1) a soft b produced by the lips barely touching and vibrating (called a bilabial fricative in linguistics). This sound is made when the Spanish b/v is between vowels.
    2) a hard b, produced by forcing the lips together and popping them open (called a bilabial stop or bilabial occlusive). This sound is made when the b/v is at the beginning of a phrase (so “Voy a decir” sounds like “Boy a decir”), or after the letters N or V (for example, *envidia” sounds like “enBidia” to an English speaker.)
    Under no circumstances should the B or V in Spanish be pronounced like an English V (which is a labiodental fricative). The sound of the English V does not exist in English and should NEVER be used in pronouncing Spanish words.

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